The use of abbreviations in cancer abstraction is becoming more commonplace as the demands on abstractors increase. Abbreviations often are used by cancer abstractors to shorten the written narratives entered into text fields to facilitate the electronic storage and transmission of the information. However, abbreviations can generate confusion, because abbreviations may vary among different institutions and even between different specialties within the same institution. To be useful, an abbreviation must be clearly understood by any individual who encounters it. Consequently, the use of abbreviations is a useful abstracting practice only if universally recognized and understood abbreviations are used.

The NAACCR Recommended Abbreviations Listings were developed for utilization by cancer report abstractors and the agencies to which they submit their data. These lists were compiled to reduce some of the confusion that can result from the use of common and not-so-common abbreviations when abstracting reports of cancer from the medical record. Although the lists may shed some light on abbreviations used in the medical record, please note that these lists are intended to be used as a primary reference by the cancer abstractor, to help abstract necessary information into a limited number of text fields for storage and transmission of cancer information.

The NAACCR Recommended Abbreviations Listings consist of two main lists of almost 500 word/terms and their recommended abbreviations/symbols, as well as a special table delineating context-sensitive abbreviations. The first main listing is ordered by word/term to enable the look-up of a recommended abbreviation for a particular word or term, and the second main listing is ordered by abbreviation/symbol to enable the look-up of the word or term for a particular abbreviation or symbol. The context-sensitive abbreviations list consists of a subset of the abbreviations from the main lists where a different context for the same abbreviation conveys a different meaning (for example, CA may mean calcium or carcinoma/ML may mean milliliter or middle lobe). For these context-sensitive abbreviations, the meaning of the abbreviation should be readily apparent from the context in which it is used.

The listings were compiled from abbreviation lists from SEER Book 3, the NAACCR Pathology Committee, the Veterans Administration, Dr. Jay Piccirillo’s comorbid conditions training materials, the Florida Cancer Data System, and the California Cancer Registry. Terms included in the lists are limited to those that are commonly utilized when abstracting cancer information. The listings are not exhaustive, but many of the most commonly used terms were included. Abbreviations for chemotherapy drugs and/or regimens are not included. Please note that although abbreviations are presented in uppercase, either upper- or lowercase may be utilized when entering abbreviations within abstraction software. When abstracting into text fields, the use of abbreviations should be limited to those that appear on these lists whenever practical. Abbreviations and symbols should be used carefully.



Abdomen (abdominal) ABD
Abdominal perineal AP
Abnormal ABN
Above ^
Above knee (amputation) AK(A)
Absent/Absence ABS
Abstract/Abstracted ABST
Achilles tendon reflex ATR
Acid phosphatase ACID PHOS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS
Activities of daily living ADL
Acute granulocytic leukemia AGL
Acute lymphocytic leukemia ALL
Acute myelogenous leukemia AML
Acute myocardial infarction AMI
Acute Respiratory Distress (Disease) Syndrome ARDS
Acute tubular necrosis ATN
Acute renal failure ARF
Adenocarcinoma ADENOCA
Adenosine triphosphate ATP
Adjacent ADJ
Adult-onset Diabetes Mellitus AODM
Admission/Admit ADM
Adrenal cortical hormone ACH
Adrenal cortex AC
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone ACTH
Affirmative AFF
Against medical advice AMA
AIDS-related condition (complex) ARC
AIDS-related disease ARD
Air contrast barium enema ACBE
Albumin ALB
Alcohol ETOH
Alkaline phosphatase ALK PHOS
Alpha-fetoprotein AFP
Also known as AKA
Ambulatory AMB
Amount AMT
Amputation AMP
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III AIN III
Anaplastic ANAP
And &
Angiography/Angiogram ANGIO
Anterior ANT
Anteroposterior AP
Antidiuretic hormone ADH
Antigen AG
Aortic stenosis A-STEN
Appendix APP
Apparently APPL’Y
Approximately APPROX
Arrhythmia ARRHY
Arterial blood gases ABG
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease ASCVD
Arteriosclerotic heart disease ASHD
Arteriosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease ASPVD
Arteriosclerosis/Arteriosclerotic AS
Arteriovenous AV
Arteriovenous malformation AVM
Artery (ial) ART
Ascending colon A-COLON
Aspiration ASP
Aspirin, Acetylsalicylic acid ASA
As soon as possible ASAP
At @
Atrial fibrillation A FIB
Atrial flutter A FLUTTER
Atrial stenosis/insufficiency/incompetence AI
Atrial premature complexes APC
Auscultation & percussion A&P
Autonomic nervous system ANS
Autopsy AUT
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia AIHA
Average AVG
Axilla(ry) AX
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin BCG
Barium BA
Barium enema BE
Bartholin’s, Urethral & Skene’s BUS
Basal cell carcinoma BCC
Before noon AM
Below knee (amputation) BK(A)
Benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia BPH
Bilateral BIL
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy BSO
Bile duct BD
Biological response modifier BRM
Biopsy BX
Bipolar affective disorder BAD
Black female B/F
Black male B/M
Bladder tumor BT
Blood pressure BP
Blood urea nitrogen BUN
Blood volume BV
Bone marrow BM
Bone marrow transplant BMT
Bowel movement BM
Brother BRO
Calcium CA
Capsule (s) CAP(S)
Carcinoembryonic antigen CEA
Carcinoma CA
Carcinoma in situ CIS
Cardiovascular disease CVD
CAT/CT scan/Computerized axial tomography CT
Centimeter CM
Central nervous system CNS
Cerebrospinal fluid CSF
Cerebrovascular accident CVA
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III CIN III
Cervical vertebrae C1-C7
Cervical spine C-SPINE
Change CHG
Chemotherapy CHEMO
Chest X-ray CXR
Chronic CHR
Chronic granulocytic leukemia CGL
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia CLL
Chronic myeloid (myelocytic) leukemia CML
Chronic obstructive lung disease COLD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD
Chronic renal failure CRF
Chronic ulcerative colitis CUC
Cigarettes CIG
Clear CLR
Cobalt 60 CO60
Collaborative stage CS
Colon, Ascending A-COLON
Colon, Descending D-COLON
Colon, Sigmoid SIG COLON
Colon, Transverse TRANS-COLON
Colony-stimulating factor C-SF
Complaint (-ning) of C/O
Complete blood count CBC
Congenital heart disease CHD
Congestive heart failure CHF
Consistent with C/W
Continue/continuous CONT
Contralateral CONTRA
Coronary artery bypass graft CABG
Coronary artery disease CAD
Coronary care unit CCU
Cubic centimeter CC
Cystoscopy CYSTO
Cytology CYTO
Cystic fibrosis CF
Date of birth DOB
Date of death DOD
Dead on arrival DOA
Decrease(d) DECR
Deep tendon reflex DTR
Deep vein thrombosis DVT
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
Descending colon D-COLON
Dermatology DERM
Diabetes mellitus DM
Diagnosis DX
Diameter DIAM
Diethylstilbestrol DES
Differentiated/differential DIFF
Digital rectal examination DRE
Dilatation and curettage D&C
Discharge DISCH
Discontinue(d) DC
Disease DZ
Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy DIC
Ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS
Dyspnea on exertion DOE
Ears, nose, and throat ENT
Electrocardiogram ECG/EKG
Electroencephalogram EEG
Electromyogram EMG
Emergency room ER
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP
End stage renal disease ESRD
Enlarged ENLGD
Equal(s) =
Esophagogastro-duodenoscopy EGD
Estrogen receptor (assay) ER, ERA
Evaluation EVAL
Every Q
Every day QD
Examination EXAM
Excision/excised EXC(D)
Expired EXP
Exploratory EXPL
Exploratory laparotomy EXPL LAP
Extend/extension EXT
Fever of unknown origin FUO
Fine needle aspiration FNA
Fine needle aspiration biopsy FNAB
Floor of mouth FOM
Fluid FL
Fluoroscopy FLURO
Follow-up FU
For example E.G.
Fracture FX
Frequent/Frequency FREQ
Frozen section FS
Full thickness skin graft FTSG
Gallbladder GB
Gastroesophageal GE
Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
Gastrointestinal GI
General/Generalized GEN
Genitourinary GU
Grade GR
Greater/Greater than
Gynecology GYN
Hematocrit HCT
Hemoglobin HGB
Hepatitis A (virus) HAV
Hepatitis B (virus) HBV
Hepatitis C (virus) HCV
Hepatitis D (virus) HDV
Hepatosplenomegaly HSM
History HX
History and physical H&P
History of H/O
Hormone HORM
Hospital HOSP
Hour/Hours HR(S)
Human chorionic gonadotropin HCG
Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV
Human Papilloma Virus HPV
Human T-Lymphotrophic Virus, (Type III) HTLV
Hypertension HTN
Hypertensive cardiovascular disease HCVD
Hypertensive vascular disease HVD
Hysterectomy HYST
Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis IHSS
Idiopathic thrombocytopenia ITP
Immunoglobulin IG
Immunohistochemical IHC
Impression IMP
Incision & drainage I&D
Includes/Including INCL
Increase(d) INCR
Inferior INF
Inferior vena cava IVC
Infiltrating INFILT
Inflammatory bowel disease IBD
Inpatient IP
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus IDDM
Intensive care unit ICU
Intercostal margin ICM
Intercostal space ICS
Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB
Internal INT
Interstitial lung disease ILD
Intramuscular IM
Intrathecal IT
Intravenous IV
Intravenous cholangiogram IVCA
Intravenous pyelogram IVP
Invade(s)/invading/invasion INV
Involve(s)/involvement/involving INVL
Ipsilateral IPSI
Irregular IRREG
Jugular venous distention JVD
Juvenile rheumatic arthritis JRA
Kaposi sarcoma KS
Kidneys, ureters, bladder KUB
Kilogram KG
Kilovolt KV
Laboratory LAB
Lactic dehydrogenase LDH
Laparotomy LAP
Large LRG
Last menstrual period LMP
Lateral LAT
Left LT
Left bundle branch block LBBB
Left costal margin LCM
Left lower extremity LLE
Left lower lobe LLL
Left lower quadrant LLQ
Left salpingo-oophorectomy LSO
Left upper extremity LUE
Left upper lobe LUL
Left upper quadrant LUQ
Left upper outer quadrant LUOQ
Less/Less than
Licensed practical nurse LPN
Linear accelerator LINAC
Liver/spleen scan LS SCAN
Lower extremity LE
Lower inner quadrant LIQ
Lower outer quadrant LOQ
Lumbar vertebra L1-L5
Lumbar spine L-SPINE
Lumbosacral LS
Lymphadenopathy-associated virus LAV
Lymph node(s) LN(S)
Lymph node dissection LND
Lupus erythematosus LUP ERYTH
Lymph/vascular invasion  
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor M-CSF
Magnetic resonance imaging MRI
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography MRCP
Main stem bronchus MSB
Malignant MALIG
Mandible/mandibular MAND
Maximum MAX
Medical center MC
Medication MED
Metastatic/Metastasis METS
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus MRSA
Microgram MCG
Microscopic MICRO
Middle lobe ML
Millicurie (hours) MC(H)
Milligram (hours) MG(H)
Milliliter ML
Millimeter MM
Million electron volts MEV
Minimum MIN
Minus -
Minute MIN
Mitral valve prolapse MVP
Mixed combined immunodeficiency MCID
Mixed connective tissue disease MCTD
Moderate (ly) MOD
Moderately differentiated MD, MOD DIFF
Modified radical mastectomy MRM
More/More than
Multifocal arterial tachycardia MAT
Multifocal premature ventricular contraction MPVC
Multiple MULT
Multiple sclerosis MS
Multiple myeloma MM
Myasthenia gravis MG
Myocardial infarction MI
Neck vein distention NVD
Negative NEG
Negative -
Neoplasm NEOPL
Neurology NEURO
No evidence of disease NED
No significant findings NSF
Non-Hodgkins lymphoma NHL
Normal NL
Non small cell carcinoma NSCCA
Not applicable NA
Not otherwise specified NOS
Not recorded NR
Number #
Nursing home NH
Obstetrics OB
Obstructed (-ing, -ion) OBST
Operating room OR
Operative report OP RPT
Organic brain syndrome OBS
Orthopedics ORTHO
Otology OTO
Ounce OZ
Outpatient OP
Packs per day PPD
Palpated (-able) PALP
Papanicolaou smear PAP
Papillary PAP
Past/personal (medical) history PMH
Pathology PATH
Patient PT
Pediatrics PEDS
Pelvic inflammatory disease PID
Peptic ulcer disease PUD
Percutaneous PERC
Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystogram PTC
Peripheral vascular disease PVD
Prescription RX
Primary medical physician PMP
Phosphorus 32 P32
Physical examination PE
Physiotherapy/Physical therapy PT
Platelets PLT
Plus +
Poorly differentiated PD, POOR DIFF
Positive POS
Positive +
Positron emission tomography PET
Possible POSS
Posterior POST
Postoperative (-ly) POST OP
Pound(s) LB(S)
Pound(s) #
Premature atrial contraction PAC
Preoperative (-ly) PRE OP
Previous PREV
Prior to admission PTA
Probable (-ly) PROB
Proctoscopy PROCTO
Progesterone receptor (assay) PR, PRA
Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III PIN III
Prostatic specific antigen PSA
Pulmonary PULM
Quadrant QUAD
Radiation absorbed dose RAD
Radiation therapy RT
Radioimmunoassay RIA
Received REC’D
Red blood cells (count) RBC
Regarding RE
Regional medical center RMC
Regular REG
Regular sinus rhythm RSR
Resection (ed) RESEC
Review of outside films ROF
Review of outside slides ROS
Rheumatoid arthritis RA
Rheumatic heart disease RHD
Right RT
Right bundle branch block RBBB
Right costal margin RCM
Right inner quadrant RIQ
Right lower extremity RLE
Right lower lobe RLL
Right lower quadrant RLQ
Right middle lobe RML
Right outer quadrant ROQ
Right salpingo-oophorectomy RSO
Right upper extremity RUE
Right upper lobe RUL
Right upper quadrant RUQ
Rule out R/O
Sacral spine S-SPINE
Sacral vertebra S1-S5
Salpingo-oophorectomy SO
Satisfactory SATIS
Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase SGOT
Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase SGPT
Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome SCID
Short(ness) of breath SOB
Sick sinus syndrome SSS
Sigmoid colon SIG COLON
Small SM
Small bowel SB
Specimen SPEC
Spine, Cervical C-SPINE
Spine, Lumbar L-SPINE
Spine, Sacral S-SPINE
Spine, Thoracic T-SPINE
Split thickness skin graft STSG
Squamous SQ
Squamous cell carcinoma SCC
Status post S/P
Subcutaneous SUBCU
Summary stage SS
Superior vena cava SVC
Surgery/Surgical SURG
Suspicious/suspected SUSP
Symptoms SX
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH SIADH
Systemic lupus erythematosus

Thoracic spine T-SPINE
Thromboticthrombocytopenia purpura TTP
Times X
Total abdominal hysterectomy TAH
Total abdominal hysterectomy- bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy TAH-BSO
Total vaginal hysterectomy TVH
Transient ischemic attack TIA
Transitional cell carcinoma TCC
Transurethral resection TUR
Transurethral resection bladder TURB
Transurethral resection prostate TURP
Transverse colon TRANS-COLON
Treatment TX
True vocal cord TVC
Tuberculosis TB
Twice a day (daily)  BID
Ultrasound US
Undifferentiated UNDIFF
Unknown UNK
Upper extremity UE
Upper gastrointestinal (series) UGI
Upper inner quadrant UIQ
Upper outer quadrant UOQ
Upper respiratory infection URI
Urinary tract infection UTI
Vagina/Vaginal VAG
Vaginal hysterectomy VAG HYST
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (grade III) VAIN III
Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (grade III) VIN III
Well differentiated WD, WELL DIFF
White blood cells (count) WBC
White female W/F
White male W/M
With W/
Within normal limits WNL
Without W/O
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome WPW
Work-up W/U
Xray XR
Year YR



^ above
@ at
& and
less, less than
= equals
greater than, more, more than
- negative, minus
# number, pound(s)
+ plus, positive
X times
A-COLON Ascending colon
A FIB Atrial fibrillation
A FLUTTER Atrial flutter
A-STEN Aortic stenosis
A&P Auscultation & percussion
ABD Abdomen (abdominal)
ABG Arterial blood gases
ABN Abnormal
ABS Absent/Absence
ABST Abstract/Abstracted
AC Adrenal cortex
ACBE Air contrast barium enema
ACH Adrenal cortical hormone
ACID PHOS Acid phosphatase
ACTH Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADENOCA Adenocarcinoma
ADH Antidiuretic hormone
ADJ Adjacent
ADL Activities of daily living
ADM Admission/Admit
AFF Affirmative
AFP Alpha-fetoprotein
AG Antigen
AGL Acute granulocytic leukemia
AI Atrial stenosis/insufficiency/incompetence
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIHA Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
AIN III Anal intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III
AK(A) Above knee (amputation)
AKA Also known as
ALB Albumin
ALK PHOS Alkaline phosphatase
ALL Acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AM Before noon
AMA Against medical advice
AMB Ambulatory
AMI Acute myocardial infarction
AML Acute myelogenous leukemia
AMP Amputation
AMT Amount
ANAP Anaplastic
ANGIO Angiography/Angiogram
ANS Autonomic nervous system
ANT Anterior
AODM Adult-onset Diabetes Mellitus
AP Abdominal perineal
AP Anteroposterior
APC Atrial premature complexes
APP Appendix
APPL’Y Apparently
APPROX Approximately
ARC AIDS-related condition (complex)
ARD AIDS-related disease
ARDS Acute Respiratory Distress (Disease) Syndrome
ARF Acute renal failure
ARRHY Arrhythmia
ART Artery (ial)
AS Arteriosclerosis/Arteriosclerotic
ASA Aspirin, Acetylsalicylic acid
ASAP As soon as possible
ASCVD Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASP Aspiration
ASPVD Arteriosclerotic Peripheral Vascular Disease
ATN Acute tubular necrosis
ATP Adenosine triphosphate
ATR Achilles tendon reflex
AUT Autopsy
AV Arteriovenous
AVG Average
AVM Arteriovenous malformation
AX Axilla(ry)
B/F Black female
B/M Black male
BA Barium
BAD Bipolar affective disorder
BCC Basal cell carcinoma
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
BD Bile duct
BE Barium enema
BID Twice a day (daily)
BIL Bilateral
BK(A) Below knee (amputation)
BM Bone marrow
BM Bowel movement
BMT Bone marrow transplant
BP Blood pressure
BPH Benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia
BRM Biological response modifier
BRO Brother
BSO Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BT Bladder tumor
BUN Blood urea nitrogen
BUS Bartholin’s, Urethral & Skene’s
BV Blood volume
BX Biopsy
C/O Complaint (-ning) of
C/W Consistent with
C1-C7 Cervical vertebrae
CA Calcium
CA Carcinoma
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft
CAD Coronary artery disease
CAP(S) Capsule (s)
CBC Complete blood count
CC Cubic centimeter
CCU Coronary care unit
CEA Carcinoembryonic antigen
CF Cystic fibrosis
CGL Chronic granulocytic leukemia
CHD Congenital heart disease
CHEMO Chemotherapy
CHF Congestive heart failure
CHG Change
CHR Chronic
CIG Cigarettes
CIN Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIN III Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III
CIS Carcinomain situ
CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CLR Clear
CM Centimeter
CML Chronic myeloid (myelocytic) leukemia
CNS Central nervous system
CO60 Cobalt 60
COLD Chronic obstructive lung disease
CONT Continue/continuous
CONTRA Contralateral
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CRF Chronic renal failure
CS Collaborative stage
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
C-SF Colony stimulating factor
C-SPINE Cervical spine
CT CAT/CT scan/Computerized axial tomography
CUC Chronic ulcerative colitis
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
CVD Cardiovascular disease
CXR Chest X-ray
CYSTO Cystoscopy
CYTO Cytology
D-COLON Descending colon
D&C Dilatation and curettage
DC Discontinue(d)
DCIS Ductal carcinomain situ
DECR Decrease(d)
DERM Dermatology
DES Diethylstilbestrol
DIAM Diameter
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIFF Differentiated/differential
DISCH Discharge
DM Diabetes mellitus
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
DOA Dead on arrival
DOB Date of birth
DOD Date of death
DOE Dyspnea on exertion
DRE Digital rectal examination
DTR Deep tendon reflex
DVT Deep vein thrombosis
DX Diagnosis
DZ Disease
E.G. For example
ECG/EKG Electrocardiogram
EEG Electroencephalogram
EGD Esophagogastro-duodenoscopy
EMG Electromyogram
ENLGD Enlarged
ENT Ears, nose, and throat
ER Emergency room
ER, ERA Estrogen receptor (assay)
ERCP Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESRD End stage renal disease
ETOH Alcohol
EVAL Evaluation
EXAM Examination
EXC(D) Excision/excised
EXP Expired
EXPL Exploratory
EXPL LAP Exploratory laparotomy
EXT Extend/extension
FL Fluid
FLURO Fluoroscopy
FNA Fine needle aspiration
FNAB Fine needle aspiration biopsy
FOM Floor of mouth
FREQ Frequent/Frequency
FS Frozen section
FTSG Full thickness skin graft
FU Follow-up
FUO Fever of unknown origin
FX Fracture
GB Gallbladder
GE Gastroesophageal
GEN General/Generalized
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI Gastrointestinal
GR Grade
GU Genitourinary
GYN Gynecology
H&P History and physical
H/O History of
HAV Hepatitis A (virus)
HBV Hepatitis B (virus)
HCG Human chorionic gonadotropin
HCT Hematocrit
HCV Hepatitis C (virus)
HCVD Hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HDV Hepatitis D (virus)
HGB Hemoglobin
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HORM Hormone
HOSP Hospital
HPV Human Papilloma Virus
HR(S) Hour/Hours
HSM Hepatosplenomegaly
HTLV Human T-Lymphotrophic Virus, (Type III)
HTN Hypertension
HVD Hypertensive vascular disease
HX History
HYST Hysterectomy
I&D Incision & drainage
IBD Inflammatory bowel disease
ICM Intercostal margin
ICS Intercostal space
ICU Intensive care unit
IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IG Immunoglobulin
IHC Immunohistochemical
IHSS Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
ILD Interstitial lung disease
IM Intramuscular
IMP Impression
INCL Includes/Including
INCR Increase(d)
INF Inferior
INFILT Infiltrating
INT Internal
INV Invade(s)/invading/invasion
INVL Involve(s)/involvement/involving
IP Inpatient
IPPB Intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPSI Ipsilateral
IRREG Irregular
IT Intrathecal
ITP Idiopathic thrombocytopenia
IV Intravenous
IVC Inferior vena cava
IVCA Intravenous cholangiogram
IVP Intravenous pyelogram
JRA Juvenile rheumatic arthritis
JVD Jugular venous distention
KG Kilogram
KS Kaposi sarcoma
KUB Kidneys, ureters, bladder
KV Kilovolt
L-SPINE Lumbar spine
L1-L5 Lumbar vertebra
LAB laboratory
LAP Laparotomy
LAT Lateral
LAV Lymphadenopathy-associated virus
LB Pound
LBBB Left bundle branch block
LCM Left costal margin
LDH Lactic dehydrogenase
LE Lower extremity
LINAC Linear accelerator
LIQ Lower inner quadrant
LLE Left lower extremity
LLL Left lower lobe
LLQ Left lower quadrant
LMP Last menstrual period
LN(S) Lymph node(s)
LND Lymph node dissection
LOQ Lower outer quadrant
LPN Licensed practical nurse
LRG Large
LS Lumbosacral
LS SCAN Liver/spleen scan
LSO Left salpingo-oophorectomy
LT Left
LUE Left upper extremity
LUL Left upper lobe
LUOQ Left upper outer quadrant
LUP ERYTH Lupus erythematosus
LUQ Left upper quadrant
Lymph/vascular invasion
M-CSF Macrophage colony-stimulating factor
MALIG Malignant
MAND Mandible/mandibular
MAT Multifocal arterial tachycardia
MAX Maximum
MC Medical center
MC(H) Millicurie (hours)
MCG Microgram
MCID Mixed combined immunodeficiency
MCTD Mixed connective tissue disease
MD Moderately differentiated
MED Medication
METS Metastatic/Metastasis
MEV Million electron volts
MG Myasthenia gravis
MG(H) Milligram (hours)
MI Myocardial infarction
MICRO Microscopic
MIN Minimum
MIN Minute
ML Middle lobe
ML Milliliter
MM Millimeter
MM Multiple myeloma
MOD Moderate (ly)
MOD DIFF Moderately differentiated
MPVC Multifocal premature ventricular contraction
MRCP Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MRM Modified radical mastectomy
MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MS Multiple sclerosis
MSB Main stem bronchus
MULT Multiple
MVP Mitral valve prolapse
NA Not applicable
NED No evidence of disease
NEG Negative
NEOPL Neoplasm
NEURO Neurology
NH Nursing home
NHL Non-Hodgkins lymphoma
NL Normal
NOS Not otherwise specified
NR Not recorded
NSCCA Non small cell carcinoma
NSF No significant findings
NVD Neck vein distention
OB Obstetrics
OBS Organic brain syndrome
OBST Obstructed (-ing, -ion)
OP Outpatient
OP RPT Operative report
OR Operating room
ORTHO Orthopedics
OTO Otology
OZ Ounce
P32 Phosphorus 32
PAC Premature atrial contraction
PALP Palpated (-able)
PAP Papanicolaou smear
PAP Papillary
PATH Pathology
PD Poorly differentiated
PE Physical examination
PEDS Pediatrics
PERC Percutaneous
PET Positron emission tomography
PID Pelvic inflammatory disease
PIN III Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III
PLT Platelets
PMH Past/personal (medical) history
PMP Primary medical physician
POOR DIFF Poorly differentiated
POS Positive
POSS Possible
POST Posterior
POST OP Postoperative (-ly)
PPD Packs per day
PR, PRA Progesterone receptor (assay)
PRE OP Preoperative (-ly)
PREV Previous
PROB Probable (-ly)
PROCTO Proctoscopy
PSA Prostatic specific antigen
PT Patient
PT Physiotherapy/Physical therapy
PTA Prior to admission
PTC Percutaneous transhepatic cholecystogram
PUD Peptic ulcer disease
PULM Pulmonary
PVD Peripheral vascular disease
Q Every
QD Every day
QUAD Quadrant
R/O Rule out
RA Rheumatoid arthritis
RAD Radiation absorbed dose
RBBB Right bundle branch block
RBC Red blood cells (count)
RCM Right costal margin
RE Regarding
REC’D Received
REG Regular
RESEC Resection (ed)
RHD Rheumatic heart disease
RIA Radioimmunoassay
RIQ Right inner quadrant
RLE Right lower extremity
RLL Right lower lobe
RLQ Right lower quadrant
RMC Regional medical center
RML Right middle lobe
ROF Review of outside films
ROQ Right outer quadrant
ROS Review of outside slides
RSO Right salpingo-oophorectomy
RSR Regular sinus rhythm
RT Radiation therapy
RT Right
RUE Right upper extremity
RUL Right upper lobe
RUQ Right upper quadrant
RX Prescription
S/P Status post
S1-S5 Sacral vertebra
S-SPINE Sacral spine
SATIS Satisfactory
SB Small bowel
SCC Squamous cell carcinoma
SCID Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome
SGOT Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
SIADH Syndrome of inappropriate ADH
SIG COLON Sigmoid colon
SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus
SM Small
SO Salpingo-oophorectomy
SOB Short(ness) of breath
SPEC Specimen
SQ Squamous
SS Summary stage
SSS Sick sinus syndrome
STSG Split thickness skin graft
SUBCU Subcutaneous
SURG Surgery/Surgical
SUSP Suspicious/suspected
SVC Superior vena cava
SX Symptoms
T-SPINE Thoracic spine
TAH Total abdominal hysterectomy
TAH-BSO Total abdominal hysterectomy- bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TB Tuberculosis
TCC Transitional cell carcinoma
TIA Transient ischemic attack
TRANS-COLON Transverse colon
TTP Thromboticthrombocytopenia purpura
TUR Transurethral resection
TURB Transurethral resection bladder
TURP Transurethral resection prostate
TVC True vocal cord
TVH Total vaginal hysterectomy
TX Treatment
UE Upper extremity
UGI Upper gastrointestinal (series)
UIQ Upper inner quadrant
UNDIFF Undifferentiated
UNK Unknown
UOQ Upper outer quadrant
URI Upper respiratory infection
US Ultrasound
UTI Urinary tract infection
VAG Vagina/Vaginal
VAG HYST Vaginal hysterectomy
VAIN III Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (grade III)
VIN III Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (grade III)
W/ With
W/F White female
W/M White male
W/O Without
W/U Work-up
WBC White blood cells (count)
WD Well differentiated
WELL DIFF Well differentiated
WNL Within normal limits
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
XR Xray
YR Year



AP Anteroposterior
AP Abdominal perineal
BM Bone marrow
BM Bowel movement
CA Calcium
CA Carcinoma
MIN Minimum
MIN Minute
ML Milliliter
ML Middle lobe
MM Millimeter
MM Multiple myeloma
PAP Papillary
PAP Papanicolaou smear
PT Patient
PT Physiotherapy/Physical therapy
RT Right
RT Radiation therapy